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Seeing Guangxi culture over 60 years from commemorative coins
发布时间:2019-02-17 00:00:00 

ThepatternsonGuangxicommemorativecoinsrevealspecialculturalelementsandhowtheregionhasdevelopedinthepast60years.

GuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasestablishedin1958.Since1988,thePeople'sBankofChinahasissuedcommemorativecoinseverytenyearstocelebratetheanniversaryoftheestablishmentofGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion.

Onthe30thanniversary,aone-yuancoinwasissuedwithitsobversesideportrayingGuangxi'stypicalriverandmountainlandscape,andthereversesidethefestivalsongfairs,atraditionalentertainmentofZhuangculture.

Zhuang,Guangxi'smajorethnicgroup,comprisesapopulationofabout19millioninChina.Theylovesingingfolksongsandevenmakesingingthewayofcourtingapartner.Traditionally,songfairsareheldfromtimetotimeyearround,withthebiggestonecelebratingtheDoubleThirdDayofthelunarcalendar.

Onthe40thanniversaryin1998,asetoffourgoldandfoursilvercommemorativecoinswasissued.ThefourpatternsonthecoinsarefoursignaturesceneriesinGuilin,namelyDuxiuMountain,NanxiMountain,HuaBridge,andXiangbiMountain,orElephantTrunkMountain.

Asaworld-renownedtraveldestination,GuangxiisbestknownforLiRiverandkarstmountainsinGuilin,withthelatterinscribedintheWorldNaturalHeritageList.ThereisaChinesesaying,"Guilin'ssceneryissecondtononeintheworld."ItsChinese-landscape-paintinglikesceneriesattractmillionsofdomesticandforeigntourists,andthecityhasreceivedover180headsofstateandstateleaders.

In2008,goldandsilvercommemorativecoinswereissuedtocelebratethe50thanniversary.Bothcoinsaredecoratedwithapatternofabronzedrum,amusicalinstrumentinsouthernChinathathasahistoryofmorethan2,700years.

RegardedbyZhuangpeopleasadivineartifact,thebronzedrumisplayedatfestivals.Morethan1,000bronzedrumshavebeendiscoveredinGuangxi,themostinChina.

OnthebackofthegoldcoinareaZhuang-embroideredballandZhuangbrocade.ForZhuangpeople,throwinganembroideredballisbothasportingeventandawaythatyoungmenandwomenconfesstheiraffection.

ZhuangbrocadeisoneofChinesefourfamousbrocades.ItisatraditionalhandcraftskillofZhuangpeopleanda"livingfossil"ofZhuangculture.TheearliestZhuangbrocadeproductdiscovereddatesbacktotheHanDynasty(202BC-220AD)andnowZhuangbrocadehasbeenlistedasanationalintangibleculturalheritage.

 

ThepatternsofZhuangbrocadevarythroughtime,fromtraditionalgeometricandanimalpatternstotoday'sGuilinsceneryandnationalunitypatterns,whichshowZhuangpeople'sfolkcultureandbeliefs.

ThesilvercoinisengravedwiththepermanentsiteoftheChina-ASEANExpointheregion'scapitalNanning,whosearchitecturalstyleislikenedtoChinarose,thecity'sfloralemblem.

GuangxibordersbothBeibuGulfoftheSouthChinaSeaandVietnam.AstheonlycoastalcityinsouthChinathatbordersaforeigncountry,ithasbecomeChina'simportantgatewaytoSoutheastAsiancountries.

Everyyearsince2004,GuangxihasheldtheChina-ASEANExpo,whichpromotesthecooperation,exchangesandcommondevelopmentbetweenChinaandSoutheastAsia.

AsDecember11,2018marksthe60thanniversary,thePeople'sBankofChinahasissuedonegoldandtwosilvercommemorativecoins.Thistime,thehigh-speedrailwayandBeibuwanPortappearforthefirsttime.

AlthoughGuangxididnothaveahigh-speedrailwaybefore2013,itnowhasthelongesthigh-speedrailway–1,751kilometers–amongallprovincialregionsinChina.Ithas,therefore,becomeaninlandrailwaypivot.

ButGuangxihasbiggerdevelopmentambitions.In2011,itintegratedthefunctionsofthreeportsinBeibuGulfintoBeibuwanPort,aimingtomaketheregionplayabiggerroleontheMaritimeSilkRoad.

 

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